Andaman & Nicobar
Landscape of Scenic and Picturesque Extravaganza

Islands of Andaman and Nicobar

Islands of Andaman and Nicobar

The Andaman and Nicobar islands are located in the Bay of Bengal to the east of Indian sub continent. It is a union territory of India and the capital is Port Blair.They are also known as the Emerald isles. It stretches over an area of 700km from south to north and it consists of 200 small islands among which 36 remain inhabited. Many of the parts are still unexplored and you can see a wide variety of flora and fauna. The underwater is rich in corals and marine life. They are topographically hilly with abundant evergreen forests.

The waters are crystal clear and features world’s least spoilt resources in the sea with varieties of fishes and corals. The water is also perfect for adventurous sports such as snorkeling and scuba diving. It is assumed that the name Andaman is derived from the Hindu god Hanuman. These Islands were inhabited with aboriginals from prehistoric times and they are usually referred to as Andamanese.

For agriculture 48,670 hectares of land is used. Paddy is the main crop cultivated in the Andaman group of islands and Nicobar group of Islands concentrate on the cultivation of cash crops such as coconut and areca nut. Thick forests consist of vast variety of timber among which 30 are considered to be commercial varieties. The Andaman Islands are grouped with Nicobar Islands mainly for administrative purposes. For foreign tourists Nicobar Islands remain strictly off-limits but they can still visit certain parts in the Andaman.

The main attractions include the cellular jail, Ross Island, Viper Island, Chatham saw mill, Mount Harriet, Barren Islands etc. The cellular jail is a national memorial constructed by the British in the year 1906 in Port Blair. The prisoners were subjected to solitary confinement in separate cells. Now this is a place of pilgrimage for all freedom lovers. Ross Island was the capital of the British. Now the place is a ruin and all the old structures are almost destroyed. The Viper Island served as an open jail for the freedom fighters and the convicts before the construction of cellular jail. Mount Harriet is an excellent point for viewing all other surrounding Islands. The only active volcano in India resides in the Barren Islands.

Tropical climate prevails throughout the year and the temperature ranges from 24 degrees to 35 degrees and the humidity in these regions never falls below 70%. The best time to visit is between the months of January and March. From May to October the Islands experience heavy rainfall cyclones are also common during this time. During rainy season epidemics such as malaria also spreads since the marshy swamps and thick forest is a good breeding ground for the mosquitoes.

This heaven of tourism is accessible by both air and water. Both Chennai and Kolkata are connected to Port Blair by air. There is a daily flight from Delhi to Port Blair via Kolkata. Passenger shipsare available from Kolkata, Vishakhapatnam and Chennai once in a month. Transportation services facilitate inflow of tourists every year.